Fresh eyes will allow you to find things you might not otherwise have observed.

Fresh eyes will allow you to find things you might not otherwise have observed.

Here are a few plain things to consider when proofreading and editing:

The Purdue OWL website has much more detail in the proofreading process.

Students regularly underestimate the time it can take to publish an essay, in particular the planning and researching stages.

Before you begin your essay, take a good look at the Massey University assignment planning calculator.
You are surprised just how long the whole process takes!

As you care able to see through the assignment planning calculator, if you only start your essay a few days before the due date, you will need to do things too rapidly.

You need time for you to mix all of the ingredients properly, or the final result will not be what you need to talk about with others! if you were to think for the essay/cake analogy,

To create a 1000 word essay, ideally you should allow yourself about 3 weeks.

Let’s check out how an essay time management ‘cake’ could possibly be divided into slices:

You can observe that the part that is biggest of your energy is used on the planning/research elements and redrafting/editing/proofreading elements, which together should comprise around 60% of energy.

Check out another model to see what additionally you have to consider:

Here is the final type of the essay that is chocolate. You can even download it as a document that is pdf.

Since Spanish explorers cut back chocolate through the „“ new world „“, chocolate consumption has become a phenomenon that is worldwide. In the beginning, chocolate, a derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a glass or two, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form. However, chocolate’s inherent popularity does not equate to it possessing healthy properties, as suggested by the title. The realities of chocolate are more right down to earth; a true number of the realities is going to be addressed in this specific article. Chocolate has chemical properties that can influence mood and there is evidence that is possible some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such attributes that are positive counterbalanced somewhat by the argument that, in certain instances, chocolate may very well be a drug rather than a food. Moreover, there is the chance of some correlation between over-consumption of chocolate and obesity. Thus, it will likely be argued that despite chocolate’s effect that is positive some cases on mood while the safe cardiovascular system it has also been associated with addiction and obesity.

Consumption of chocolate is one thing that many enjoy, and there’s evidence (Parker, Parker, & Brotchie, 2006) that high carbohydrate foods such as for example chocolate do have a ‘feel good’ effect. Moreover, Scholey and Owen (2013) in a review that is systematic of literature in the field point out several studies, such as Macht and Dettmer (2006) and Macht and Mueller (2007), which appear to confirm this effect. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchie (2006, p. 150) note, the feeling ramifications of chocolate „are as ephemeral as holding a chocolate in one’s mouth“. In addition, mood is something this is certainly hard to isolate and quantify, and besides the study by Macht and Dettmer (2006) there appears to be research that is little any longer term mood affecting influences of chocolate. Another point is raised by Macht and Dettmer (2006), whose study discovered that positive responses to chocolate correlated more with anticipation and temporary sensory pleasure, whereas guilt has also been a statistically significant factor for several, for whom the ‘feel-good’ effect will be minimalised. The‘feel good’ effect and more negative emotions as these authors stress, “temporal tracking of both positive and negative emotions” (p.335) before and after consuming chocolate in future studies could help in further understanding.

Another possible influence that is positive of is upon cardiovascular health. Chocolate, processed accordingly, may be a provider of significant quantities of heart-friendly flavanols (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002) that really help in delaying blood clotting and inflammation that is reducingSchramm et al., 2001). Such attributes of flavanols in chocolate should be considered into the context of chocolate’s other components – approximately 30% fat, 61% carbohydrate, 6% protein and 3% liquid and minerals (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002). The answer to maximising some great benefits of flavanols in chocolate seems to lie within the degree of fats present. Cocoa, which will be simply chocolate without the fat, is the most obvious candidate for maximising heart health, but as Hannum, Schmitz and Keen (2002) note, cocoa products that are most are made through an alkali process which destroys many flavanols. Optimal maximisation associated with the flavanols involves such compounds being contained in cocoa and chocolate products at levels where they are biologically active (Ariefdjohan & Savaiano, 2005).

The biological makeup of chocolate is also relevant in determining whether chocolate is better viewed as a food or a drug, however the boundaries between indulgence and behaviour that is addictive unclear. Chocolate contains some biologically active elements including methylxanthines, and cannabinoid-like fatty that is unsaturated (Bruinsma & Taren, 1999) which could represent a neurochemical dependency potential for chocolate, yet can be found in exceedingly small amounts. Interestingly, and connected to chocolate and mood, Macdiarmid and Hetherington (1995) claim their study unearthed that “self-identified chocolate ‘addicts’” reported a negative correlation between chocolate consumption and mood. This is perhaps indicative of addictive or type behaviour that is compulsive. However, as Bruinsma and Taren (1999) note, eating chocolate can represent a sensory reward based, luxurious indulgence, based around texture, aroma and flavour anticipation, in place of a neurochemically induced craving. Yet, it’s been argued that chocolate might be used as a form of self-medication, particularly in reference to magnesium deficiency. A report by Pennington (2000 in Steinberg, Bearden, & Keen 2003) noted that women try not to generally meet US guidelines for trace elements, including magnesium. This correlates with earlier tests by Abraham and Lubran (1981), who found a high correlation between magnesium deficiency and nervous tension in females. Thus, tension-related chocolate cravings might be a biological entity fuelled by magnesium deficiency. Overall, however, any difficulty . the proportion of men and women chocolate that is using a drug instead of a food based sensory indulgence is small, though further research might prove enlightening.

A point that is final consider in relation to chocolate may be the perception that chocolate is linked to obesity. You were defined as being obese when their Body Mass Index is higher than 30. The literature on chocolate and obesity has clearly demonstrated there are no correlations that are specific the 2 variables (Beckett, 2008; Lambert, 2009). This will be typified by the findings of Mellor (2013), who found that, during a period of eight weeks of eating 45 grams of chocolate per day, a group of adults demonstrated no weight increase that is significant. As Lambert (2009) notes, chocolate consumption alone is certainly not very likely to cause obesity, unless considerable amounts of other calorie dense foods are consumed and this calorie dense intake is higher than needed for bodily function, allowing for degrees of activity. The‘chocoholic’ that is stereotypical more prone to consume a great many other sweet foods and get less likely to take exercise than many other people, so chocolate consumption is just one possible variable when considering the causes of obesity.

Obesity and chocolate consumption seemingly have no proven correlations. Yet, in this essay, many chocolate focused arguments have already been presented, including the transient effectation of chocolate on mood and the fact that it really is as likely to create feelings of guilt as of well-being. Another possible positive dimension to chocolate is a correlation with cardiovascular health. Yet the possibility advantages of flavanols in chocolate are currently offset because of the high fat/carbohydrate content of all forms of chocolate. Whether chocolate is a food or a drug is also unclear. The literature outlines the chemical properties of chocolate which may help explain some addictive type behaviour, especially in regards to nervous tension in women, but there is also a powerful research focus on chocolate as a indulgence that is sensory-based. It may therefore be said that chocolate is certainly not a healthy food, but can be enjoyed as part of a healthier and balanced lifestyle and diet.

‘Integrity’ pertains to ‘honesty’, and academic integrity involves writing in a reputable way, to ensure no one will think you will be claiming that words or ideas from another person are your personal. This is very important in academic writing in western countries, and if you don’t do that you are accused of plagiarism, which will be a significant offence at university.

Plagiarism means someone that is using words, ideas or diagrams without acknowledgement.

Of course, when an essay is written by us we need to refer to other people’s ideas. We gave a few of the good cause of this before:

  • To show respect for others’s ideas and work
  • To clearly identify information coming from another source
  • To distinguish an source that is external your interpretation or your own findings
  • To aid your own arguments, thus giving you more credibility
  • To demonstrate proof of wide (and understood) reading
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